How and why does the bhagavad gita present the path of devotion as the best form of hinduism

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essay on bhakti

Not only does the devotee love God, but God, they say, loves the devotee. Finally, Arjuna decides to obey Krishna by engaging in the battle and in the end the Pandavas regain control of the kingdom.

Seeing all life as my manifestation, they are never separated from me. From attachment longing, and from longing anger grows.

Bhagavad gita online

Those who worship Vasudeva Krishna with single minded devotion are speedily rescued from the ocean of mortal existence. The concept of bhakti has its roots in the Vedic sacrificial ceremonies. The simultaneous outer action with inner renunciation, states Krishna, is the secret to the life of freedom. Because of differences in recensions , the verses of the Gita may be numbered in the full text of the Mahabharata as chapters 6. It openly synthesizes and inclusively accepts multiple ways of life, harmonizing spiritual pursuits through action karma , knowledge jnana , devotion bhakti. Scholars accept dates from the fifth century to the second century BCE as the probable range, the latter likely. Another reason given by Krishna is that the source of evil is not in actions, but in passion and desires, the intentions behind the actions. From loss of memory comes the ruin of understanding, and from the ruin of understanding he perishes. In quasi-dialogue form, it is relatively brief, consisting of verses divided into 18 chapters. These are the three starting points for the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy. You were never born; you will never die.

Filled with introspection and questions about the meaning and purpose of life, he asks Krishna about the nature of life, soul, death, afterlife and whether there is a deeper meaning and reality. Sometimes emotions like fear, embarrassment, or anxiety can interfere in the outcome of what we do.

It is however not so easy to remember God at the time of death. Unlike the Vedas, which were restricted to initiated men of the three higher orders, the Puranas were available to everybody, including women and members of the lowest order of society Shudra s.

Nomenclature[ edit ] The Gita in the title of the text "Bhagavad Gita" means "song". Once we realize that the oneness is behind all things, we can escape the bad karma from acting.

Bhagavad gita summary

Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication. There is an irrevocable assurance in the following verses of the Bhagavad gita to the devotees who are fully absorbed in him 8. The deluded persons of illusory hopes and actions, follow the way of the asuras demons and do not worship him 9. Arjuna, one of the Pandavas Krishna, Arjuna's charioteer and guru who was actually an incarnation of Vishnu Sanjaya, counselor of the Kuru king Dhritarashtra secondary narrator Dhritarashtra, Kuru king Sanjaya's audience Chapters[ edit ] Bhagavad Gita comprises 18 chapters section 25 to 42 [] [web 2] in the Bhishma Parva of the epic Mahabharata. The later verses of the chapter return to the discussion of motiveless action and the need to determine the right action, performing it as one's dharma duty while renouncing the results, rewards, fruits. In order to accomplish this, the devotee must be a steadfast yogi nityauktaysa yoginah , with his heart and mind filled with devotion, constantly remembering him and thinking of him alone 8. Load Next Page. Two massive armies representing different loyalties and ideologies face a catastrophic war.

The idea behind Karma yoga is acting without attachment; in other words, to act without being so concerned about the outcome of our actions. The worshippers of gods go to those gods, but the devotees of Supreme Lord go to him only 9.

Who is krishna?

In the Puranic literature of to ce, sectarianism creeps into mythology, and individual Puranas extol one god usually Shiva , Vishnu, or Devi, the Goddess over all others. In addition, the popular theism expressed elsewhere in the Mahabharata and the transcendentalism of the Upanishads converge, and a God of personal characteristics is identified with the brahman of the Vedic tradition. When the opposing parties in the Mahabharata war stand ready to begin battle, Arjuna , the hero of the favoured party, despairs at the thought of having to kill his kinsmen and lays down his arms. Other accounts refer to other demiurges, or creators, like Manu the primordial ancestor of humankind. Bhakti marg means the path of devotion, and bhakti yoga means the state of devotion and the practice of devotion to attain union or oneness with the object of worship, which is usually God or a personal deity. These are the three starting points for the Vedanta school of Hindu philosophy. According to this view, if we act in such a way as not to get attached to the fruits of our actions, we can be more effective. Arjuna, one of the Pandavas Krishna, Arjuna's charioteer and guru who was actually an incarnation of Vishnu Sanjaya, counselor of the Kuru king Dhritarashtra secondary narrator Dhritarashtra, Kuru king Sanjaya's audience Chapters[ edit ] Bhagavad Gita comprises 18 chapters section 25 to 42 [] [web 2] in the Bhishma Parva of the epic Mahabharata. Bhakta was what was offered, sacrificed, divided and apportioned, and bhakti referred to the act of offering. In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna reveals that expensive fire altar rituals are not necessary to honor God. Thus, the work supported a social ethic. Finally, Arjuna decides to obey Krishna by engaging in the battle and in the end the Pandavas regain control of the kingdom. Among people no one does a greater service than him and no one is dearer to God than him Withdrawing from battle is in itself a conscious decision; not choosing is still a choice. Whatever he does, whatever he eats, whatever he offers, or gives away, whatever penances he does, they can be offered to him and become dearer to him 9.
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Devotion According to the Bhagavadgita