Budget management planing coordination and control element of an organization
The advantage of this results-oriented solution over an action-oriented system is that it is more flexible and less constraining to the salespeople; they can continue to use styles best suited to their personalities.
The best solutions, however, vary between situations. What controls should be added?
Management control involves extensive measurement and it is therefore related to and requires contributions from accounting especially management accounting. The design, implementation, and maintenance of results-tracking information systems can often be very expensive.
Timeliness: A control system should provide information as often as necessary. According to Kaplan, management controls are exercised on the basis of information received by the managers. The educating effect of a budget is perhaps most evident when the process is introduced in a company.
Budgeting as a tool for planning and control pdf
For example, a department store introduced an incentive compensation plan to pay employees on the basis of sales volume. Budget Choices Planning Issues From a planning perspective, a budget is the glue that makes the different parts of the organization fit together. Table 1 shows many common controls classified according to their control object; these controls are described in the following sections. The process begins with environmental scanning The act of analyzing the critical external contingencies facing an organization in terms of economic conditions, competitors, and customers. Like all management tools, the chapter highlights the need for detailed information, if the technique is to be used to its fullest advantage. However, the techniques of investment analysis are well developed e. In this article I consider eight managerial concerns in preparing budgets see the insert for a checklist of these.
Strategic control generally concentrates on organization structure, leadership, technology, human resources, and information and operations control systems. Delegation Delegation is an approach to get things done, in conjunction with other employees. For similar reasons, results controls tend to be dominant at most upper-management levels.
Role of budgetary control in management
A procedure is a step-by-step list of activities required to conduct a certain task. Finally, planners must constantly evaluate the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary. Many People Are Averse to Management "Control" New, more "organic" forms or organizations self-organizing organizations, self-managed teams, network organizations, etc. It can educate company employees as to what is to be done and assist them in doing it. When this happens, employees resist the intent of the control system by focusing their efforts only at the performance indicators being used. Personnel who are certain that their actions will be noticed relatively quickly will be affected more strongly by an action-accountability system than will those who feel that the chance of their being observed is small. If independent areas of responsibility cannot be carved out as part of the organizational structure, results-accountability control systems will not work well because employees will not feel that their individual actions have a notice able effect on results.
It is beyond the scope of this article to provide an exhaustive enumeration of the many negative side effects possible.
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